A joint can be found at the intersection between two or more bones. A joint allows for varying degrees of movement. Vertebral segments are joints that consist of the following: two vertebrae, a vertebral disc, and a pair of stabilizing joints (facet joints) found between and behind adjacent vertebrae. Joints serve as points of contacts for membranes, tendons, and ligaments. Joints can get injured by conditions, including arthritis, bursitis, and dislocations. Treatments range from therapy to joint replacement surgery.
Juvenile scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that occurs in children aged between 3 and 9. Juvenile scoliosis is categorized under idiopathic scoliosis as the cause is unknown. Patients with juvenile scoliosis are still growing so doctors often recommend treatment via a back brace. Other treatments include scoliosis surgery and physical therapy.