Kyphoplasty is the surgical expansion of the bones of the spinal cord to augment and stabilize them. The procedure involves inserting a balloon inside the vertebral body and inflating it, after which a bone cement mixture is added to fill the bone. This is one of the surgeries that can be done for pain relief because it stabilizes the bones.
Kyphosis, also referred to as dowager’s hump, is an excessive outward curving of the back which makes it look like a “hunchback.” Kyphosis occurs when the curvature exceeds the normal twenty to forty degrees range. It can be classified into two types – primary and secondary kyphosis. Primary kyphosis includes Scheuermann’s kyphosis which occurs when the bones of the vertebrae do not grow correctly, and congenital kyphosis which occurs when babies are born with wedge-shaped spine bones instead of normal round ones. Secondary kyphosis is a consequence of diseases such as arthritis, osteoporosis, muscular dystrophy, and other diseases that cause pathology in the spine.