Occupational therapists are health specialists who are trained to understand pain and manage rehabilitation programs for patients who have disabling injuries to enable optimal functionality in the society. Occupational therapists assess patients’ skills and help them adapt to new skills on how to live with chronic pain.
Orthopedic implants are materials used during orthopedic surgeries to replace or stabilize parts of a damaged structure in the body. Examples of orthopedic implants include those used in spinal fusion surgery such as bone plates and bone screws. Orthopedic implants must have an acceptable biological response and must meet the physical properties requirements for all orthopedic implants approved by the FDA.
An orthopedic surgeon is a medical specialist who surgically treats disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons can diagnose and treat spinal disorders, arthritis, and fractures. Orthopedic surgeons are trained to restore the operative function of the extremities, spine, and structures associated with the spine. Orthopedic surgeons can also assess muscular and nervous problems connected to the musculoskeletal system.
Orthopedics is the field of medicine that deals with the study and treatments of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is made up of bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and associated muscles. Orthopedic surgeons are trained to restore the operative function of the extremities, spine, and structures associated with the spine. Orthopedic surgeons can also assess muscular and nervous problems connected to the musculoskeletal system.
Ossification is the hardening of bones during which cartilage is converted to bone. Certain cells help the new growth of bone. These cells are called osteoprogenitor cells. Another group of cells called bone morphogenic proteins also help to stimulate bone growth. Some deficiencies can cause abnormal growth of bone. An example is osteogenesis imperfect which is a defect in a collagen protein needed for bone growth.
Osteoblast is a cell found in the bone whose function is to produce osteoid, a structure that becomes mineralized with calcium, in the process forming the end structure called bone. Osteoblasts act alongside with osteoclasts to create a balance of bone production and bone resorption.
Osteoclasts are specialized cells that function to create a balance in bone production by absorbing or removing old cells that make room for new cells. They work in an opposite fashion to osteoblasts. However, if osteoclasts are working excessively more than they should (in competition to osteoblasts) they can cause osteoporosis.
Osteopathic medicine is the field of medicine that deals with function and mechanics of the nerves, muscles, bones, and joints. Osteopathic medicine places a focus on the whole human body and identifies the musculoskeletal system as a major role-player.
Osteophytes, also known as bone spurs, are extensions of bone structures which develop on the spine over an extended period of time. Bone spurs mostly occur naturally due to the aging process. Bone spurs can create adverse effects in disorders such as osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis.
Osteoporosis is a very common musculoskeletal disorder that results from excessive loss of bone cells. There are two types of osteoporosis, namely Type I and Type II osteoporosis. Type I osteoporosis involves a rapid bone loss while Type II osteoporosis involves a degeneration of both the inner and outer structures of bone.